1991

1991 COLUMNS

Column  8: Tony Quizon, "NGOs and the UN Conference on Environment and Development"

Column 9: David C. Korten, "Leadership for Transformation: Lessons from the Gulf War"

Column 10: Ron Leger, "Development Cooperation: Some Basic Issues"

Column 11: David C. Korten, "The Sustainable Project: A Contradiction"

Column 12: David C. Korten, "The UN Conference on Environment and Development: Unasked Questions"

Column 13: Gustavo Esteva, "Eliminating Underdevelopment at Its Source"

Column 14: Robin Broad, John Cavanagh, and Walden Bello, "Latin America: Free Trade is Not the Answer"

Column 15: Luis Lopezllera Méndez, "East and South: Convergent Interests"

Column 16: James Robertson, "The Other Economic Summit: A People's Agenda." Call for a citizen initiative to create a truly new world order and to make the institutions of global economic management more representative and accountable.

Column 17: James Robertson, "The New Economics Movement." Examines the elements of the new economics movement and its contributions to transformational change.

Column 18: Paul Ekins, "Green Growth: A False Solution." Demonstrates why a faith that technological advances will remove the ecological barriers to sustained growth, and thereby allow unlimited green growth, is nothing more than wishful thinking. Outlines some of the fundamental reforms that advocates of green growth prefer not to consider.

Column 19: Florencio "Butch" Abad, "NGOs and the Electoral Process: Philippine Perspectives." A growing number of Philippine NGOs are coming to the conclusion that advancing their agenda depends on becoming involved in electoral politics. Increasingly NGOs throughout the world are facing the same issue and the many dilemmas it presents. Butch Abad, who bridges the Philippine NGO and political communities, examines the Philippine experience and the issues it brings into perspective.

Column 20: Donella Meadows, "Beware the Sloshing of Loose Capital." Presents the downside of massive capital flows without community roots, drawing parallels between actual experiences in the United States and Thailand.

Column 21: Smitu Kothari, "Ecological Stability, Social Justice and Foreign Assistance." Documents the social and environmental consequences of large foreign assisted development projects in India and the emergence of a grassroots environmental movement as a counter force.

Column 22: Sixto Roxas, "Community-Centered Capitalism: An NGO Alternative." Describes how NGOs in the Philippines are creating new frameworks of economic analysis and measurement for a community-centered alternative to transnational corporate-centered capitalism.

Column 23: David Korten, "The Hope and Challenge of People's Forum 1991." Examines the passing of leadership in the global peoples movement for transformational change from conventional NGOs to the grassroots.

Column 24: Janet Hunt, "Economic Orthodoxy and the Poor: The Case of Australian Aid." Examines why Australian trade and development assistance policies fail to benefit Third World people.

Column 25: Janet Hunt, "Environment and Industrial Development: Asian Experience." Argues that historical models of industrialization have depended on the ability of industrializing countries to extract cheap resources from weaker countries at the expense of their people and environment. The Asian success stories are now replicating this experience.

1991 ARTICLES

David C. Korten, "Sustainable Development: Reflections on Japan's Role." Penetrates the myths regarding growth, trade, and foreign assistance that render conventional development thought and practice inimical to sustainable development. Using Japan as an example, the paper demonstrates that while some of what donor's practice at home is consistent with sustainable development, this is rarely what they advocate for assisted countries.

Sixto K. Roxas, " The Ideological Roots of Crisis in an Archipelagic Country." Identifies the ideological roots of our current social and environmental crisis, maintaining that contemporary development practice is derived from the experience of the United States, which colonized its Western frontier by pushing aside its indigenous Indian populations to make way for the settlements of immigrant Europeans. This is inherently an enclave model inappropriate to countries in which indigenous people are the primary and the supposed beneficiaries of the development process.

David C. Korten, "International Assistance: A Problem Posing as a Solution," for publication in the Society for International Development journal.